An introduction (start here)
Is it a Maccaferri?
Or is it a Selmer?
The Internal Resonator
About Mario Maccaferri
About François Charle
The Selmer Maccaferri book
Email: click here
Many people outside France are a bit bewildered about what is a "Maccaferri" and/or a "Selmer" guitar. Since this confusion has existed for so long, the terms (in the English-speaking world, anyway) are probably permanently jumbled. Nonetheless, here are a few basic facts that may help clarify the situation.
never originally a brand name. In the twenties and thirties, Mario
was a classical guitarist of considerable renown, a contemporary of
when classical guitarists were a bolder, rarer and rather less-defined
breed than they are today. He had also studied lutherie and indeed
a master luthier. From his own musical experience and his formidable
background in Italy, he synthesized a vision of a new guitar.
His influence on twentieth century guitar can probably not be fully understood independently from that of his mentor in Italy, Luigi Mozzani. Suffice to say for now, Maccaferri only became a "brand name" after he emigrated to the US. In Europe before the War he was a luthier-visionary, and the designer of a group of particular guitars with noteworthy innovations, such as his internal resonator, sealed tuning machines, and a metal-reinforced neck, among others.
Second of all, we have the venerable firm of Selmer & Cie in Paris. Maccaferri allies at the London Selmer dealership convinced Selmer to stake him to a lutherie atelier which would produce guitars built to his specifications, to be sold through Selmer dealers. One can only imagine the charisma and persuasiveness they must have employed to inspire, especially during the Depression, such a complete departure from Selmer's usual enterprise: wind instruments like clarinets and saxophones.
Maccaferri designed a cluster of guitars which Selmer built and marketed for only two years: 1932 and 1933. By 1934, he had parted company with Selmer, whereupon someone in the Selmer shop redesigned their main production guitar and, thereafter, Selmer basically sold only that one model. Maccaferri's era of influence at Selmer preceded Django Reinhardt and the Hot Club jazz phenomenon. Being first and foremost a classical musician, Maccaferri never knew Reinhardt, nor even knew his music.
Commencing in 1932, Maccaferri hired workers (mostly Italians, by the way), oversaw the outfitting of the workshops and the making of jigs and molds, established specifications for the initial models, and generally got things rolling while continuing his career as a concertizing classical guitarist (though this was soon to be cut short by a freak accident).
Following his departure, his
name and the patent numbers for his resonator had been eliminated from
the headstock engraving and his "credit" was literally inked out on the
His last Selmer guitar, by the way, #503 (below), was made in 1940, and he played this one exclusively for the rest of his life. Upon his death, his widow donated it to the museum of the Conservatoire Nationale in Paris, now part of the Cité de la Musique, where it is proudly displayed alongside Stéphane Grappelli's violin.
The D-hole model was never made again. In fact, only the new modèle Jazz was produced at all, though a handful of old bodies and parts were combined and sent out in later years. By l939, Selmer had added Django's name to the headstock, though only a few rare guitars actually bear this inscription.
The important thing about Mario Maccaferri is that, while his involvement with Selmer was brief and though the flagship Selmer model was perfected by someone else after he left, Mr. Maccaferri made it happen in the first place.
If you want the full story, read François Charle's book.
the noted luthier, collector and dealer
in Paris, wrote and published the definitive book on Selmer and
guitars. Work on this labor of love began in earnest a decade before it
finally appeared in print in 1999. In the
process of preparing this work, he documented hundreds of the
Selmer guitars, traveling all over Europe to do interviews and take
In this effort, he enjoyed the support and cooperation of myriad other
collectors, experts, and musicians around the world. The book was
in 1999. Both its French and English hardback
editions sold out quickly, but it remains available in paperback.
Working plans for a Selmer, anyone? Click here.
Click here to find out more about Rosyne and François Charle.
Visit their website: www.rfcharle.com
Do you own a Selmer guitar?
François Charle is archiving a complete database on Selmer guitars
and has over 500 in his list already.
Please contact him about it, if you haven't already.
All references kept strictly confidential.
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